Selasa, 6 Mei 2014

The Star Online: Lifestyle: Parenting

Klik GAMBAR Dibawah Untuk Lebih Info
Sumber Asal Berita :-

The Star Online: Lifestyle: Parenting

Frequent nightmares could mean child is bullied

Posted: 05 May 2014 10:15 PM PDT

Finding can help parents intervene before the trauma and anxiety of being bullied grow worse.

If your child suffers from regular nightmares, it could be a sign that they were a victim of bullying in the past, reveals a new British-led study.

It's a finding that could be used as a warning bell, say researchers at the University of Warwick, and help parents intervene before the trauma and anxiety of being bullied grow worse.

Presented at a meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies in Vancouver, Canada over the weekend, researchers said that night terrors were more common in 12-year-olds who had reported being bullied when they were eight and 10 years old.

"Our findings indicate that being bullied is a significant stress/trauma that leads to increased risk of sleep arousal problems, such as nightmares or night terrors," said study co-author Dieter Wolke.

"It is an easily identifiable indicator that something scary is being processed during the night. Parents should be aware that this may be related to experiences of being bullied by peers, and it provides them with an opportunity to talk with their child about it.

For their study, researchers followed 6,438 children from birth to the age of 12. When the children were eight and 10 years old, they were interviewed about bullying, and at 12, about nightmares, night terrors and sleep walking.

Researchers found that by the age of 12, nearly a quarter (24%) of children had nightmares, while 9% suffered from night terrors.

Night terrors differ from nightmares, as they're far more dramatic and occur during non REM sleep, often two to three hours after falling asleep. Children might suddenly sit upright in bed or scream in distress. Breathing will be faster, and they may thrash around and sweat profusely.

Night terrors also differ from nightmares as kids are unlikely to recall the experience the following day.

Overall, about 13% reported sleep walking and 36% had at least one type of parasomnia.

After adjusting for factors like IQ, existing psychiatric diagnosis, abuse and domestic violence, researchers found that children who were victimised were significantly more likely to manifest their distress, anxiety and depression in sleep-related disorders. – AFP Relaxnews

Don't panic: 11 things to you do if your child is missing

Posted: 05 May 2014 08:25 PM PDT

Whether your child has gone missing from school or while going out with you, here are 11 steps that could help you find them as fast as possible.

• Contact your nearest police station right away.

• Go to places where your child was last seen and check around; they may be trapped in small spaces.

• Be ready to provide the police with dates, times and places where your child was last seen.

• Provide the police with descriptive information, including recent photos of your child.

• Inform the police if any individuals have shown unusual attention to your child.

• Get the names or physical descriptions of companions last seen with your child.

• Secure your child's room and belongings until the police arrive.

• Ask the police to look into any chatrooms or social networking websites your child might have visited.

• Restrict access to your home until the police have arrived to search the area.

• Try to keep all phone lines open.

• Inform the police immediately if you receive any calls or additional tips on your child's whereabouts.

Caution signs: 13 things to teach a child on spotting danger

Posted: 05 May 2014 08:25 PM PDT

Children may encounter danger when parents or guardians aren't around. But here are 13 tips to teach them about being ready for that situation.


1. Always go out in groups, with friends or siblings.

2. Shout for help loudly if you're in danger.

3. Ask for help from the nearest police station, or go to the concierge or security counter immediately, if you're lost in a shopping mall.

4. Remember the phone numbers for Dad, Mum, or other family members.

5. Keep a few coins in your pocket, in case you need to use a public phone.

6. Call 999 during emergencies – this is a free call, so you don't need coins.


1. Don't walk alone.

2. Don't keep quiet if someone tries to grab you or take you somewhere against your will.

3. Don't talk to strangers or take anything from them.

4. Don't play in deserted or quiet areas.

5. Don't write your name on your bag or clothes. Strangers who know your name can pretend to be your friend.

6. Don't go anywhere without informing your Dad or Mum first.

7. Don't wander around if you're lost because it makes it harder for Dad or Mum to find you. 


0 ulasan:

Catat Ulasan


The Star Online

Copyright 2010 All Rights Reserved